File System Hierarchy

Table of Contents

File System Hierarchy

Root Directory (/)

At the core of the Linux file system, the root directory (/) is the starting point for the entire hierarchy. It contains essential system files and directories crucial for system operation.

/bin and /sbin Directories

Learn about the /bin directory, which contains fundamental binary executables for user commands, and the /sbin directory, containing binaries essential for system administration tasks. Understanding these directories is pivotal for basic system functionality.

/etc Directory

Explore the /etc directory, where configuration files for system-wide settings and installed software are stored. Familiarity with this directory is crucial for configuring system parameters.

/home Directory

Understand the /home directory, the default location for user home directories. User-specific settings, files, and personal data are stored here.

/var Directory

Delve into the /var directory, which holds variable data such as log files, spool files, and temporary files generated by programs. Knowing the purpose of /var is essential for monitoring system health and troubleshooting.

/tmp Directory

Learn about the /tmp directory, a temporary storage location for files that are only needed for a short duration. Awareness of this directory aids in managing temporary data efficiently.

/dev Directory

Understand the /dev directory, where device files representing hardware and software devices are located. Interacting with devices and understanding their representations in /dev is crucial for system administration.

/proc Directory

Explore the /proc directory, a virtual file system providing information about running processes and system configuration. Knowledge of /proc aids in real-time system monitoring.

/usr Directory

Learn about the /usr directory, housing user-related programs, utilities, and documentation. Understanding /usr is essential for accessing a wide range of user-centric applications.

/lib and /lib64 Directories

Understand the /lib and /lib64 directories, where essential libraries required for program execution are stored. Awareness of these directories is crucial for the proper functioning of installed applications.
The purpose of these important directories within the Linux file system is to give users a foundational understanding of how the system organizes and utilizes its resources, contributing to effective system management and troubleshooting.

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